Today, diabetes is a very common disease; Types 1 and 2 are the most common. The way symptoms appear between the two kinds; however, both types of diabetes occur as a consequence of an irregular metabolism of glucose. Glucose is an important molecule, used to obtain energy to carry out the normal functions of the organism.


A fully functioning glucose metabolism is of paramount importance to sustain crucial tasks such as brain functioning, to simpler ones such as hair growth; Glucose is everywhere! So how does diabetes affect our hair? Many pre-diabetics and diabetics experience hair loss. In the next few lines, we will better understand what hair loss is, how diabetes influences it and, more importantly, how to keep your appearance healthy.

To understand how diabetes affects hair, it is important first to define what hair loss and its causes are. As a general rule, most people lose between 50 and 100 strands of hair each day. Yes; this sounds exaggerated, but we have about 100,000 hairs on our head, so losing 100 a day is not much. That said, when do we say we are losing a lot of hair? In general, you should visit your doctor when you begin to notice hairless areas, loss of volume, hair that becomes fragile or when you see a rash, irritation or have a dry or scaly scalp.

What role does diabetes play in hair loss? Diabetes is a systemic disease and affects every cell in our body. It creates a direct relationship between diabetes and hair loss. Hair grows from the hair follicle, which is the root of each strand of hair. This hair follicle is nourished by the blood vessels that carry the nutrients. Diabetes affects circulation; thus, when there is poor control of blood sugar levels, the circulatory system is affected, and this results in hair loss because the blood is not able to carry the necessary nutrients to the hair follicle for healthy hair growth. Eventually, the hair follicle dies due to lack of proper circulation and baldness appears.

Another way in which diabetes is related to hair loss is through malnutrition. When blood sugar levels are out of control, the body functions as if it were dying of hunger. Whether with high or low blood sugar, our cells do not receive glucose in concentrations adequate to carry out the normal functions of the body. Even when hair is vital to our self-esteem, when our body needs to choose between feeding the hair follicle or brain cells, it will pick the brain cells. Under these conditions, we will have weak hair follicles that will produce fine and brittle hair, which are more likely to be damaged by chemicals or aesthetics. These elements eventually destroy the follicle resulting in baldness.

On the other hand, people with diabetes are more prone to skin infections caused by fungus or bacteria. When we get infected by one of these microorganisms, the hair follicle can be attacked and hair growth can be interrupted. In extreme situations, the hair follicle dies due to infection or medications used to cure fungal or bacterial infection. These events result in hair fall and eventually baldness, once the follicle dies.

It is important to have a high self-image and self-esteem, so if you have diabetes, the best way to keep your hair healthy is to try to have an excellent control of blood sugar levels. By avoiding high or low glucose levels, all of the pathways above through which diabetes causes hair loss can be prevented. Having a healthy vascular system will allow us to maintain a blood flow to all the cells of the organism; the sugars in a good range will allow our body to feed all our cells with the nutrients that each type of cell needs. And finally, when we are in good control of our glucose levels, we give our immune system the ability to fight, more quickly, against infections.

If you want to avoid hair loss, we always suggest using hair dryer with bonnet. It helps to grow natural hair.

Diabetes causes hair loss, but if we keep our sugars under control, we can prevent further damage. Have you experienced hair loss being diabetic? Share your story and comments with us!

Diabetes Symptoms Now – Could Save Lives

Diabetes Symptoms Now

If you believe yourself to be at risk for high blood sugar, you should learn about diabetes symptoms

now. Don’t put it off because procrastinating could cost you your health and maybe even your life. The importance of educating yourself about diabetes and its warning signs cannot be overstated. It could be the difference between living a long and healthy life well into your eighties and becoming unhealthy and dying young.

 Why learn Diabetes Symptoms Now

The health and economic burdens associated with diabetes in the U. S. are disturbing. For example, around 8 – 10% of the population suffers from diabetes, the majority of which is type 2. More than a quarter of all individuals over the age of 65 have diabetes. Perhaps the most alarming fact of all, according to numerous substantiated public health studies, is that more than half of the U. S. adult population is pre-diabetic. This means that tens of millions have diabetes, hundreds of thousands of which are undiagnosed and at significant risk of developing complications. This silent killer is going nowhere anytime soon.

Diabetes Symptoms Now

You owe it to yourself and your loved ones to learn all you can about diabetes symptoms now. Please

take the following facts into consideration. Diabetes presently ranks as the 7th leading cause of death in the United States and every year is a contributing factor in hundreds of thousands of fatalities due to heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. In fact, an uncontrolled diabetic has more than twice the risk of dying from heart disease and stroke compared to an otherwise healthy person. Diabetes complications are also implicated in kidney disease and are the leading reason for dialysis treatment.


Failing to educate yourself about diabetes symptoms now could also lead to blindness. Poorly controlled diabetes leads to a condition called diabetic retinopathy; the leading cause of vision loss in U. S. adults. Blood vessels are damaged within the eyes and left untreated can quickly lead to partial vision loss and eventually to complete blindness.

Diabetes Symptoms Now Type One – Type Two Diabetes

Two types of diabetes exist: type one and type two. type one diabetes normally appears in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood and is defined by the body’s inability to produce insulin, the need for regular insulin injections, and the potential for ketoacidosis. Left untreated, ketoacidosis can lead to coma and death within a relatively short period of time. Without treatment, type one diabetes is fatal. Type two diabetes develops later in life, is associated with lifestyle factors, and is often well controlled by changes in lifestyle initiated in its early stages. Type two is far more common than type one, accounting for the majority of cases and complications.

Individuals with type two diabetes often go years or even decades without being diagnosed and undergoing treatment. They often have already developed serious complications like vision loss, and kidney disease by the time they receive medical care. It is frequently too late to prevent amputations, dialysis, and blindness. To avoid becoming one of them, it is imperative that you being learning about diabetes symptoms now.

Common warning signs of diabetes of both types one and two include fatigue, unexplained weight loss, excessive thirst, frequent urination of an unknown cause, extreme hunger, poor wound healing, frequent infections, altered mental status, and blurry vision. If you or some you know has any of the above diabetes symptoms now, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Here are some explanations of why certain diabetes symptoms occur. In a person with diabetes, the body is unable to process glucose to produce energy. So, in order to compensate, the body begins to burn fat which leads to feelings of constant tiredness and fatigue.

Some Diabetes Symptoms Now

Weight loss occurs because with insufficient insulin utilization, the body is unable to process many of the calories a person eats. Sugar and water are simply excreted via the urinary tract in large amounts without being digested and absorbed into cells. The quantity of food eaten does not matter, a person with diabetes still has difficulty keeping weight on, and remains hungry.

Excess urination and thirst occur as a result of the body attempting to excrete excess and unused sugar. The kidneys produce extra urine to expedite the process, which, in turn, activates the body’s thirst producing mechanisms. No amount of liquids can satisfy the resulting thirst.

In diabetics, poor wounding healing and frequent infections result from high blood sugar suppressing the production and effectiveness of white blood cells in the body. An individual’s immune system becomes suppressed and he or she becomes prone to the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms. As a result, serious and life threatening infections, especially in the legs and feet, can develop in a relatively short period of time.

Altered mental status is caused by prolonged high levels of sugar in the blood. People in this state often report feeling confused, agitated, lethargic, and unable to focus. Blurry vision is another symptom of high blood sugar, but not specific for diabetes. It may or may not be permanent.

Taking the time to educate yourself and assess yourself and your loved ones for the signs of diabetes is vitally important. It can save your health and life. Learning about diabetes symptoms now will prevent many of the preventable complications, and suffering associated with this disease.

What type of diabetes do you know about

What type of diabetes do you know about

Before we start into what type of diabetes you have let us talk a little bit about the statistics of diabetes.
Many people do not realize that diabetes, known as America’s silent killer, affects over 25 million Americans. Data from the 2011 fact sheet released January 26, 2011 tell us that there are 18.8 million people diagnosed with diabetes and an additional 7 million undiagnosed with diabetes. Also 79 million people are pre-diabetic. Just these facts alone should concern all Americans about diabetes.

Diabetes does not seem to be gender biased. There are 13 million men and 12.6 million women ages 20 or over who have diabetes. Some of the complications that are associated with diabetes are: heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, blindness, kidney disease, Neuropathy and amputation. The cost for diabetes to the American economy is $58 million in indirect costs (disability, work loss, premature mortality) and 116 billion for direct medical costs. That is a total of $174 billion that adversely affects our economy.

Type I Diabetes

The three main types of diabetes are type I, type II and Gestation Diabetes. Let’s start with type I diabetes. This is often referred to as juvenile diabetes it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Only 5% of the people that have diabetes have type I diabetes. There are symptoms: having blurry eyesight, being thirsty, feeling fatigued or tired, frequent urination, dry mouth and skin, deep rapid breathing, stomach pain car just some of them. The onset can just happen. I believe that this is the most dangerous type of diabetes. The reason is the body does not produce insulin. The pancreas is where the hormone insulin is produced and it is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy.

It is believed that the body’s immune system attacks the pancreas and prevents from producing insulin; this is what makes this of diabetes different from all the others. What makes this so dangerous is without insulin to convert what we eat to energy the brain is starved for food and can stop functioning properly. Which eventually will lead to loss of consciousness and then coma, resulting in death.

Type II Diabetes

Moving on to type II diabetes the most common type of diabetes is usually preceded by symptoms as an example thirst and frequent urination, extreme hunger, blurred vision, frequent infections and cuts and bruises that are slow to heal. Type II may also have all the symptoms of Type I. Some timed this type maybe treated with my life style changes like diet and exercise. As it progresses medicine will be added to help the body produce more insulin and use what insulin is available. If the medicine stops functioning the way your doctor wants you well be moved to insulin.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes may be developed during pregnancy around the 24th week. This does not mean that you had diabetes before you conceived, or that after giving birth you will have diabetes. When pregnant the hormones produced by pregnancy can block insulin. Some of the things that can put you at greater risk are: family history of diabetes, and high blood pressure, were overweight before pregnancy or are older than 25 when you are pregnant. Some of the symptoms are: increased urination, fatigue, increased thirst, blurred vision and nausea or vomiting.

Closing Though

With all forms of diabetes followed your doctor’s directions and you should be able to live a rich life style with only minor modifications. It is important to remember that no matter what type of diabetes you have always followed your doctor’s direct action.

What Type Diabetes do You Have

What Type Diabetes do You Have

Many people are unaware of the type diabetes they have. They know that diabetes has something to do with high blood sugar levels, that it is incurable, and can have potentially serious complications if left untreated. Often, they cannot discern the differences between the two kinds of diabetes. Everyone should understand that diabetes types 1 and 2 are dissimilar in cause, prognosis, and treatment options, but the same in many other ways.

Diabetes can be explained as a dysfunction in the body’s ability to either produce or utilize the hormone insulin. Insulin is manufactured in a tiny abdominal organ called the pancreas. Insulin travels throughout the body and plays a vital role in the uptake and processing of sugar within the body. If the pancreas does not produce enough of the hormone, or body cells ineffectively utilize it, sugar accumulates in the blood, producing the symptoms of diabetes.

2 Type Diabetes Exist

Two type diabetes exist : insulin dependent and non-insulin dependent. Insulin dependent diabetes, otherwise referred to as type 1 diabetes, normally presents itself in childhood, adolescence, or very early adulthood and is characterized by the body’s complete inability to produce insulin. Without injections of insulin, it is always fatal. Children as young as three to four years old are diagnosed with the disease.
Insulin dependent diabetes is caused by an auto immune response. The immune system attacks the cells within the pancreas that produce insulin, rendering them useless. Sugar quickly accumulates in the blood, causing a condition known as ketoacidosis which is fatal if left untreated.

The symptoms that result from one type diabetes include frequent urination, thirst that cannot be satisfied, hunger, fatigue, confusion, lethargy, and coma. Parents of children with these symptoms often do not associate them with diabetes which translates into many children receiving no treatment until ketoacidosis is well advanced and dangerous. Children with insulin dependent diabetes are typically healthy until the time of diagnosis. Symptoms appear rapidly and without warning.

Fortunately, insulin dependent diabetes is much rarer than the second type of diabetes. Non – insulin dependent diabetes, otherwise known as type two diabetes, generally develops during middle to late adulthood, is lifestyle related, and does not require insulin administration in its early stages. The bodies of individuals with two type diabetes are still able to produce insulin, but the cells throughout their body are unable to process it effectively, resulting in the buildup of glucose in the blood. The body is able to process a portion of blood sugar, but not enough. Symptoms and complications result.

Type Diabetes Non – Insulin Dependent

Early non – insulin dependent diabetes is typically treated with exercise and diet changes. It can be effectively managed and the prognosis is good when patients are compliant with the treatment regime. On the other hand, a person neglecting to manage his blood sugar level as he should has increased odds of serious complications. It is essential to note that the longer a person has the condition and the poorer he controls his glucose levels, the higher the risk of complications. No matter the type diabetes a person has, he can develop serious and life threatening complications.

Adhering strictly to a treatment regime can lessen the risks significantly, but will not eliminate them entirely. Therefore, it is necessary that diabetics focus on both prevention and early detection of complications. Early detection will guarantee that treatment will be received when it can be most effective. Late stage complications often end in the worst outcomes imaginable.

Methods of improving prognosis besides maintaining glucose levels within recommended parameters include frequent check ups with a diabetes specialist, an annual foot examination, exercise, adhering to a strict diet, and knowledge of early the warning signs of complications. No matter your type diabetes you should follow the above recommendations.

The recommended diet for a diabetic will influence how often he eats, what he consumes, his portion sizes, and what time of the day he snacks. The stricter the person is in his diet, the easier it will be for him to maintain his blood sugar levels within the desired parameters and the lower his risk of developing complications in the long term. And preventing complications is the long term goal of any diabetes treatment plan.

Type Diabetes Management The Answer?

The risk of complications can be decreased by as much as 50% by adhering to a strict treatment regime. Management of diabetes is more like a long distance run than a sprint. It requires a great deal of persistence, patience, and support from friends and loved ones. Permanent and everlasting lifestyle changes must be applied in order to live well with diabetes. Diabetes cannot be ignored or health taken for granted. Complications can and do develop very rapidly and are often irreversible.

The bad news for diabetics is that there is no cure, and the potential for devastating complications is high. Diabetics that do not appropriately manage their condition are at increased risk for a large number of problems ranging from heart attack to stroke to blindness. The good news is that an individual living with diabetes largely determines how healthy he will be and how long he will live. The type diabetes he/she has does not matter as much as his will to follow his treatment regime.

What Is Low Blood Sugar

What Is Low Blood Sugar

What is low blood sugar? What causes low blood sugar? What to do if your blood sugar drops below a reading of 60 mg/dl, as measured on your blood sugar meter? These are a few of the questions that we will try to answer for you. What is low blood sugar or Hypoglycemia is a very complicated and dangerous state.

Let’s start with a definition of Hypoglycemia. In its simplest form low blood sugar is when you’re levels drop below 60 mg/dl. As stated by Wikipedia “Hypoglycemic symptoms and manifestations can be divided into those produced by the counter regulatory hormones (epinephrine/adrenaline and glucagon) triggered by the falling glucose, and the neuroglycopenic effects produced by the reduced brain sugar.”

Straight Talk on What Is Low Blood Sugar

Let’s forget all the scientific talk and described it as you or as I have felt it happened. One of my first indications is hunger and sometimes extreme hunger. This is usually accompanied by fatigue, coldness, clamminess, and shortly followed by sweating. When this occurs many times I’m a little confused about what’s going on. It is always accompanied by a feeling that I know something is wrong but not sure what at beginning of my low blood sugar.

What brings on these feelings and what is low blood sugar? Sometimes it can be because my regular dose of insulin as prescribed is more than what is needed for the food I’m getting ready to eat. This happens when my blood sugar level is in the 90 to 100 mg/dl range before I eat. Most times I lower the insulin level to try and compensate for that before meal readings. Sometimes this happens due to stress. At other times I will have more physical activity and this does results in low blood sugar levels. These are the prime areas that lead to low blood sugar for me.

The first time that this happened I asked myself what is low blood sugar and was at a concert for Celtic Thunder. The concert was being held a good distance from where I live, so I decided to leave early and stop to eat once I got in the area. This was done strictly to make sure I’d be on time and case of any major delays on the road. I arrived about an hour early from when the doors open, so I stopped at a restaurant nearby for dinner. I took my insulin right before eating and had a normal dinner meal. The concert was about two hours long.

Knowing that I had just eaten a full meal I left my glucose tablets in my vehicle. All was good up until the last three songs. For some reason my blood sugar took a dive. I went out in the lobby area to see if I can find anything with carbohydrates to eat or drink. Unfortunately there was nothing available. The theater didn’t have some EMTs there in case they were needed. They checked my blood sugar and verify that it was low. Unfortunately they had no glucose tablets either. They did find one of the employees that had brought in fudge who was kind enough to give me three or four pieces. The fact that my car was a considerable distance from the lobby area this was a godsend. Since then whenever I go anywhere, I do carry my glucose tablets.

When What Is Low Blood Sugar Gets Real Scary

The worst low blood sugar attacks I have are when I’m sleeping. I wake up and I’m not sure why I’m waking up. I have a little confused and did notice that I’m hungry. Also, I start to sweat. Once I realize what is happening the first thing I do is check my blood sugar. I normally see readings in the 30s and 40s. One time my reading was 20 mg/dl and that was scary. I hope that this never happens to you but if it does know that you are not alone.

How do you treat low blood sugar? Again porting to Wikipedia “The blood glucose can be raised to normal within minutes by taking (or receiving) 10-20 grams of carbohydrate.” If you have glucose tablets that that means taking four to five of them. If you don’t have them try taking 3 to 4 ounces of a fruit juice like grape, orange or apple. Any starchy food will work but liquids seem to get ingested quicker. You should start to see results in about 5 min.

What is Low Blood Sugar Final Thoughts

If you have any questions or doubts when you go into a low blood sugar condition remember you can always call 911 for help. Hope that you never have low blood sugar but if you do, now you know a little bit about it. Remember to always keep your doctor informed of any developments in your treatment of diabetes that are not normal. Remember if you catch yourself developing low blood sugar when it first starts,you now know what is low blood sugar.

Type One Diabetes – Juvenile Diabetes

Type One Diabetes

Type one diabetes, otherwise known as insulin dependent diabetes and formerly referred to as juvenile diabetes, is a condition in which the body produces no insulin. It typically develops in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood and is fatal without treatment. With proper care and regular insulin administration to maintain blood sugar levels at appropriate levels, individuals with the condition can go on to live long, happy, and healthy lives without significant risk of complications. If diabetes is poorly controlled, it frequent leads to early death and significant morbidity.

Type One Diabetes – Insulin Dependent

Insulin dependent diabetes is considered to be an auto immune disorder. In simple terms, this means that the body’s immune system attacks the cells within the pancreas that produce insulin, making them useless. The result of no insulin production is an accumulation of glucose in the blood and urine which can lead to ketoacidosis, a potentially fatal complication.

The exact cause of Type one diabetes is not completely understood. One reason for this is that it appears spontaneously in otherwise healthy children and young adults. There is no known pre –diabetic state as there is with non – insulin dependent diabetes.

One of the more popular causation theories suggests that certain viral infections can precipitate pancreatic damage in genetically predisposed people. Another theory suggests that diet plays an important role in the development of the disorder. The belief is that certain foods create conditions in the digestive system that trigger a set of auto immune events. Another theory states that proteins in cow’s milk may play a part. The viral and diet theories are currently the most accepted, but are far from being proven as correct. Much more research must be completed before a cause can be pinned down with any degree of certainty.

The question of who is at risk for the insulin dependent diabetes is only partially understood. Genetic predisposition does run in families, but most type one diabetics have no significant family history of the disease. No predisposing or environment factors are typically identified. One interesting study concluded that if one identical twin has insulin dependent diabetes, the other twin will develop it between 30 and 50 percent of the time.

Type One Diabetes Only One Treatment

The only treatment for Type one diabetes is administration of insulin given via an injection just under the skin. Implanted insulin pumps and inhalers have been utilized over the years, but are rarely utilized today. Pancreas transplantation is currently being studied as an alternative, but is years from being proven as a safe and effective treatment for all, and perhaps, a decade or more away from being a viable option for a large number of diabetics.

There are two kinds of diabetes: types one and two. Type two diabetes, otherwise known as non – insulin dependent diabetes, differs from juvenile diabetes in that it typically affects individuals in middle to late adulthood and does not require insulin injections in its earliest stages. The causes of non – insulin dependent diabetes are more associates with lifestyle factors. The body is still able to produce insulin, but cells are unable to uptake and utilize it effectively.

Type two diabetes is far more common than type one and has nothing to do with auto immune problems; it is entirely lifestyle related. Complications for both diabetes types are similar and include poor circulation, kidney damage, increased risk of heart disease and stroke, neuropathy, vision loss and blindness. The longer a person has diabetes and the less he keeps his blood sugar levels tightly in check, the higher his likelihood of developing complications.

Type One Diabetes and Type Two Are Among the Leading Causes of Death in the U. S

Type two and Type one diabetes are among the leading causes of death in the U. S. and contribute to a large number of cases of heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. In fact, diabetics are at least twice more likely to have fatal heart attacks and strokes than people without the disorder. In addition, diabetes related blindness ranks number one among the causes of vision loss among U. S. adults. The number one reason for dialysis is kidney damage is diabetes.

Another troubling consequence of uncontrolled diabetes is the tens of thousands of infections and amputations resulting from poor circulation. More than 70,000 amputations are performed every year on diabetics with circulation problems.

It is believed that diabetes directly and indirectly costs the U. S. economy around 170 billion dollars on an annual basis. Individuals suffering from Type one diabetes and type two are often forced to stop working and receive government disability payments. Frequently, they require prolonged care giving by either a loved one or a professional. The costs to a diabetic’s family can reach hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars over the course of a lifetime.

If you or a loved one suffers from juvenile diabetes, know that there is hope. If you control blood sugar levels, you can go on to live a long and healthy life. The treatment options of the future look promising. Pancreas transplantation and stem cell therapies are two new therapies that may hold promise. Who knows, perhaps, medical science even holds a cure for Type one diabetes in its future.

Type ii Diabetes – What You Should Know

Type ii Diabetes

The goals of any diabetic whether he/she has type 11 diabetes or type 1, are to reduce his/her risk of developing serious complications in the long term and to live as happy and healthy a life as possible. The diagnosis of diabetes is a devastating one for the diabetic himself and for loved ones. It is quite normal for a person receiving such a diagnosis to go through the stages of mourning: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance.

Type ii Diabetes – What to do When Diabetes is the Diagnosis

One of the best solutions to easing the initial devastation of a diabetes diagnosis is a commit to learn everything possible about the condition. Such knowledge will enable the person to gain some sense of control over the outcomes of their condition and eliminate fear of the unknown. The individual will begin to understand that diabetes is not a death sentence and that he has power to control his own future.

A person should never confuse the details of type 1 and type 11 diabetes. Although they are deemed to be essential the same disease, the causes and treatment options of both are quite different. Both types share many of the same characteristics and potential complications, but the similarities stop there. Read on to learn more about both types of diabetes.

Both varieties of diabetes involve a unhealthy buildup of sugar in the blood, resulting in short term and long term symptoms and complications. One type is fatal if untreated and the other is not. One afflicts otherwise healthy young people and is considered an auto immune disorder and the other does not.

Type ii Diabetes, The Most Common Form of Dibetes

The most common form of diabetes is type two. Type two diabetes, also called non-insulin dependent, generally affects adults 30 and over. Type 11 diabetes is differentiated from type 1 in several ways. First, the body of the afflicted individual with diabetes type two is still able to produce hormones and the disease is not fatal in the short term without insulin administration. The pancreas still produces enough of the hormone insulin, but the cells throughout the body are unable to successfully utilize it.

The causes of non-insulin dependent diabetes are almost entirely related to lifestyle factors. Individuals who are obese, have diets high in fats and sugars, and have other unhealthy habits are at highest risk. There is believed to a component of genetic predisposition that plays a role, but genes do not determine fate.
In its earliest stages Type 11 diabetes is treated very differently than type 1 diabetes. Typically, strict diet and exercise are recommended and usually lead to positive results. Non compliance or poorly controlled disease may necessitate that a person take insulin and receive more invasive treatment measures.

The likelihood of serious diabetes related complications like heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, vision loss, neuropathy, and poor circulation to the limbs is dramatically reduced in type two diabetics that maintain glucose levels within strict parameters. Tightly managing levels of sugar in the blood does not offer any guarantees of a complication free future, but it comes relatively close.

Type 1 – Type ii Diabetes by the Numbers

Here are a few distressing numbers with regards to type two diabetes in the U. S. First, it affects nearly ten percent of the U. S. adult population. Second, more than half of adults are considered to be pre –diabetic which means they are in the earliest stages of the condition and are at increased risk of developing it in the future. Second, tens of thousands of amputations and dialysis treatments are performed every year because of the diabetes complications. Third, diabetes ranks number seven on the list of causes of death in the U. S. It also contributes to tens of thousands of strokes and deaths due to heart disease every year in America. Fourth, diabetes directly and indirectly costs the economy around 150 to 170 billion annually.

Less is understood about the rarer type 1 diabetes than type 11 diabetes. It is known to affect healthy people early in life, and involves the inability of the pancreas to produce any insulin. Type 1 diabetes is an auto immune disorder and fatal without insulin treatment. In this type of diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks itself, producing the symptoms. The exact cause is unknown of why this occurs in unknown.

Type 1 diabetes shares many of the same symptoms and complications with type two diabetes. As with non-insulin dependent diabetes, the longer a person has this type, and the less his blood sugar numbers are held in check, the higher his odds of developing complications.

Since young people are afflicted with this form of diabetes, it is essential that their parents are educated about the disease, its management, and the potential complications. The better the parent is at adhering to treatment and guiding the child to live a healthy life, the more improved the prognosis becomes. Many type one diabetics go on to live long and healthy lives. This type of diabetes is far from the death sentence it used to be.

Diabetes comes with many challenges, but mercifully, those challenges can be overcome. If a person approaches the diagnosis of type one or type 11 diabetes with the right mentality and makes permanent changes to lifestyle, he can succeed in his quest to achieve a happy and healthy life, there is always hope.

Insulin Resistance Treatment

Insulin Resistance Treatment

What is Insulin Resistance

Without insulin resistance treatment, individuals in the pre-diabetic state of insulin resistance will usually develop diabetes within ten years.
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. Insulin’s job is to help the body use glucose for energy. The body, through digestion, breaks down the food you eat into a sugar called glucose. This glucose enters the blood stream. In the bloodstream is where glucose encounters insulin. Insulin helps glucose enter cells in the body so that the glucose can be converted to energy. Glucose is the body’s main fuel for energy and is dependent on insulin to convert it from sugar to energy.

When an individual has insulin resistance, the pancreas still creates insulin. However, the insulin is unable to get glucose into the cells because the cells are not responding to the insulin. The cells are insulin resistant. The pancreas responds to this insulin resistance by creating more insulin. No matter how much insulin the pancreas produces, the insulin is not able to assist the glucose in getting into cells.

Over time, the pancreas creates more and more insulin because it knows not enough glucose is leaving the bloodstream to be transformed into energy cells. The glucose level in the blood becomes too high. Because of this process, people who are insulin resistant often have both excessive glucose and insulin in the blood. This condition is known as insulin resistance. At this stage, blood glucose levels are higher than is normal or healthy, but not yet high enough for the individual to be diagnosed with diabetes.

Insulin Resistance Symptoms

There are rarely specific insulin resistance symptoms. Individuals can have insulin resistance for years and have no idea they are in need of insulin resistance treatment. In extreme cases, insulin resistance symptoms may be present. An individual may begin to notice dark patches on their skin, usually on their knees, elbows, knuckles or armpits. These dark patches can also develop on the back of the neck. These dark patches are insulin resistance symptoms and a condition called acanthosis nigricans.

Dr.’s often do not test for insulin resistance, but they do test for pre-diabetes using two different types of blood tests. The fasting glucose test tests glucose levels in the blood. A fasting glucose level between 100mg and 125mg indicates that the individual is pre-diabetic. The glucose tolerance test, also tests blood glucose levels. On this test, if you get a blood glucose level between 140mg and 199mg, you have pre-diabetes. It is assumed that if you test positive for pre-diabetes that you are insulin resistant and may have been for a while.

Insulin Resistance Causes

Individuals can have a genetic disposition towards developing insulin resistance. If an individual has relatives who are diabetic or insulin resistant, the individual is more likely to develop the condition. According to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC), African Americans, Alaska Natives, American Indians, Asian Americans, Hispanics, Latinos and Pacific Islanders are most likely to develop insulin resistance because of genetics. Insulin resistance treatment can be effective even for individuals with a genetic disposition towards insulin resistance.
Other risk factors for developing insulin resistance include being overweight, physically inactive, over 45, having a baby that weighs over nine pounds, having gestational diabetes and having a history of cardiovascular disease.

Insulin Resistance Treatment

An insulin resistance diet can be a part of an insulin resistance treatment. This diet must include foods with a low glycemic index. Foods on the low glycemic index are right for an insulin resistance diet because they are absorbed into the body at a much slower rate than foods with a high glycemic index. For your insulin resistance diet, consume foods like whole grains, brown rice, broccoli and green beans. High glycemic foods like unrefined sugars, white bread, corn and french fries will not be good for your insulin resistance diet.

Most parts of insulin resistance treatment require no prescription. Losing five to seven percent of body weight and increase physical activity cuts an individuals diabetes risk by 60% according to the Diabetes Prevention Program. For the physical activity portion of your insulin resistance treatment, do 30 minutes of aerobic exercise five days per week. This exercise does not have to be hi-impact aerobics to count towards your insulin resistance treatment. A 30 minute walk five days per week will have an affect on your blood sugar level and contribute to your insulin resistance treatment.

Lowering your cholesterol through diet and even medication can also help contribute to your insulin resistance treatment. Prescription drugs available to help lower your insulin resistance such as Metformin, can also help with your insulin resistance treatment by, according the NDIC, lowering the risk of diabetes by 31%. So the best strategies are to maintain a healthy body weight and remain physically active. Use the Body Mass Index (BMI) to determine if you are at a healthy body weight and if not, get started on your insulin resistance treatment to prevent developing diabetes.



What Is Insulin?

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. It is central to the regulation of metabolism of carbohydrates and fats in the body. When functioning properly in helps remove glucose from the blood to the cells. Without insulin glucose buildup to toxic levels.

What Is Diabetes?

When insulin is not produced or is inhibited in its function you end up being a diabetic. There are several forms of diabetes, type one diabetes sometimes referred to as childhood diabetes, type II the most common form and gestational diabetes. These are the three most common forms and may all lead to us requiring adding insulin, type I always does, to our daily medications.

Type I diabetes is where the body does not produce insulin and therefore the individuals must receive external insulin normally by injection. Type II are insulin resistant, where the body does not produce sufficient quantities of insulin or the inability of the cells to work with the insulin.

The treatment for type II may start with a change in lifestyle, healthy diet and increase physical activity. If that is not working medicine can be added to encourage the cells to work with the insulin that is produced. When the first to or a combination of a does not work then insulin is added to the treatment plan. Gestational diabetes happens to pregnant ladies around the 24th week and can be treated with the same plans as type II. This is normally caused by pregnancy hormones affecting the creation or use of insulin in the body.

What Exactly Is The Insulin That May Be Prescribed?

Let’s start with human insulin, according to Wikipedia it is “peptide hormone composed of 51 amino acids and has a molecular weight of 5808 Da.” It is produced in the pancreas in an area known as islets of Langerhans. This is a hormone that is not produced in people who have type one diabetes.

The insulin used to come from cows (bovine insulin) or pigs (porcine insulin) but they are no longer made or sold. Thanks to recombinant DNA technology now insulin that maybe prescribed fall under four different classifications:
1. Rapid acting – Insulin lispro, Insulin aspart, Insulin glulisine
2. Short acting – regular insulin
3. Intermediate acting – NPH insulin
4. Long-acting – Insulin glargine, Insulin detemir

There is also two type of insulin that is combined:
1. Intermediate-acting plus rapid-acting: Insulin lispro protamine/insulin lispro, Insulin aspart protamine/insulin aspart
2. Intermediate-acting plus short-acting: NPH insulin/regular insulin

Insulin in normally inject by either syringes or pumps. Currently there are studies ongoing with an alternate method. InsuLine Medical, an Israeli based company has developed an insulin patch and is currently in final trials with the FDA. If approved would be a great leap forward not to have to stick yourself once or more times a day.

Insulin Final Words

Being a Marine who got diabetes thanks to Agent Orange in Vietnam, I have had several treatment changes thought the years. At first I was given medicine, pills, to get my body to work with the insulin products. When that stopped working effectively I was moved to Insulin NPH Human insulin. Later I was change to a Rapid – acting Insulin aspart in conjunction with a Long –acting Insulin glargine.

If you are a new diabetic and wondering what might be in store for you, just relax and study the information that you are given by your doctor and what you find on line. If you are being moved to insulin treatment this article is designed to give you some basic knowledge on that subject. There is nothing wrong with asking your doctor about the different classifications if insulin and why they pick the one they did pick. Lets hope that shortly we can put the syringes and pump away and be wearing patches. Remember Insulin is use to help you maintain Healthy Blood Sugar Levels.

Hyperglycemia Symptoms

 Hyperglycemia Symptoms

What Is Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia symptoms are very important for diabetics to understand and know. What is hyperglycemia? We need to understand what it is before we can discuss hyperglycemia symptoms. It is in its most basic definition it is high blood sugar. What this means is that the blood contains excess amounts of sugar (glucose).

The two types of hyperglycemia that occur are:
Postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia which may be defined as usually blood sugar levels above 180 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter). This level is normally measured two hours after eating.
Fasting hyperglycemia is normally any reading above 140 mg/dL after fasting for eight hours.

Hyperglycemia Symptoms and Complications

Knowing hyperglycemia symptoms is important because if they persist over long periods of time they can lead to diabetic complications. These complications can include damage to nerves and blood vessels along with other organs of the body. As in the examples of d damage to blood vessels could cause a decrease in blood flow in the feet and damage to nerves can result in the lack of feeling there also. A diabetic steps on some things that cause a wound on their foot. Tack of sensation can cause the diabetic not to realize that they have hurt themselves and the lack of blood flow will decrease the amount of blood reaching the wound. Without the flow of blood bringing white blood cells to fight infection it is very likely that the wound will develop to a very dangerous state.

Knowing hyperglycemia symptoms may have reduced or prevented this complication by receiving appropriate treatment. Many diabetic have a foot amputated because of poor circulatory circulation in the extremities especially the feet. That why it is important to understand hyperglycemic symptoms. Many complications such as the one mentioned above can be eliminated or reduced by knowing hyperglycemic symptoms and acting to eliminate them.

Checking For Hyperglycemia Symptoms

The HbA1c blood test is one way to monitor if your blood sugar is higher than recommended standards. Yes, checking your blood sugar level as prescribed by your doctor on a daily basis is a needed tool. The reading you get from your blood glucose meter is a picture of what your blood sugar level is at that moment. The HbA1c blood test gives you the average blood sugar level over a three-month period. The benefit of this is that it more accurately portrays where your blood sugar is at. The daily testing can be very misleading because it is only an instant in time and can read stream high or low for that particular moment when the overall level is in a normal range.

You can think of it like a baseball game. A player is up to bat 4 times during a game and strikes out each time, daily blood glucose meter readings. Looking at that game you would think that the player is not a good batter. The player batting average is .340, HbA1c blood test. It is obvious that the player is a good batter and just had an off game when he struck out 4 times in one game.

Hyperglycemia Symptoms

Hyperglycemia symptoms are many which should cause concern:
Increased thirst                                                  Frequent urination
Headaches                                                         Fatigue
Difficulty concentrating                                       Blurred vision
Weight loss

These are some of the same symptoms that are listed for all types of Diabetes that I have studied. This does not mean that all the hyperglycemia symptoms must be there, but most of the time several symptoms are present. This implies that people are normally hyperglycemic when they are diagnosed with diabetes.

Hyperglycemia Symptoms Causes

What causes hyperglycemia symptoms? Some answers are easy to figure out. Forgetting to take oral medicine or insulin is obvious. Also, eating too much food having too many calories or too many grams of carbohydrate is another obvious choice. Some that may not be as obvious are increased stress, infection, decrease activity, illness or strenuous physical exercise.

One that many people don’t realize is snacking. Some people eat a healthy meal that is low in carbohydrates and decide to snack a couple to three hours after eating. They figure that they took their normal insulin dose with a meal that had very few carbohydrates and that their insulin will still be effective. When someone injects fast acting insulin it decreases in the body by 25% per hour. So 2 to 3 hours later you will have only 25% to 50% of the insulin left. If you do this you should be checking for hyperglycemia symptoms because they just might be appearing.

Hyperglycemia Symptoms Prevention

How can you reduce or prevent hypoglycemia symptoms. One of the easiest ways is to learn about your diet and your carbohydrate intake. Working with your doctor on insulin dose they can give you a range of carbohydrate intake to the amount of units of insulin needed. Test for your blood sugar level on a regular basis. You should know when to seek medical help if you are having abnormal blood sugar readings. When to call for medical help should be arranged during one of your first appointments after being diagnosed with diabetes.

Pre-diabetes has many of the hyperglycemia symptoms listed above and by seeking medical help; many times it can lead to lifestyle changes that prevent full blown diabetes. This is always preferred, lifestyle changes, over oral medication or insulin injection. Always and I do mean always seek medical advice when you find you have any of the hyperglycemia symptoms.