Diabeties has three main forms: Type I, Type II and Gestational Diabeties. A quick definition for them is:
Type I Diabeties is where the pancreas does not produce insulin that normally affects children and teenagers hence it is referred to as childhood diabeties
Type II Diabeties is where the body fails to use the insulin that is produced properly or where not enough insulin is produced, this is the most common type od diabeties.
Gestational Diabeties is where a woman is pregnant and never had diabeties before develops high blood glucose levels which can lead to type II diabeties after pregnancy.
Type I Diabeties
Some of the concerns with type I diabeties is the speed that it develops, also that there is no pre-diabetic symptoms as in type II. Some of the symptoms of type I are frequent urination, extreme hunger, fatigue and unusual thirst. Some of the complications are the risk of glaucoma, cataracts or other eye problems including blurred vision or blindness; high blood pressure; heart disease and stroke; nerve damage, and kidney damage. Many times when first diagnosed the individual will be admitted to a hospital.
Type I Diabeties is insulin dependent thereby having the individual receive insulin shots in order for the body to get food to the individual cells. Insulin pumps are common and have come a long way from where they were a few short years ago. Currently there are smart pumps being developed that will make life a lot easier for type I diabetics. An artificial pancreas is being developed to help those persons also. A company from Israel is developing an Insulin Patch. The studies show that research being done is helping the type I diabetic.
When a individual presents to their doctor the symptoms of diabeties most of the time the doctor will request a hemoglobin A1c test. This test measured the blood glucose or sugar level over a three month period. The standard blood sugar test that individuals do measures the blood glucose level is only a snap shop at that instant. The results of that test can vary wildly. The blood glucose level will shoot up after eating and drop after periods of not consuming food or exercise. That is why the hemoglobin A1c test is used to help determine whether a person has diabeties .
Type II Diabeties
With Type II Diabeties we have many of the same symptoms and complications. The major difference is in treatment. Many times type II diabeties can be treated with lifestyle changes. These changes will include a healthier nutritious eating along with exercise. At times this will lead to a person no longer being diabetic. When that does not work normally medication is added to help the body use the insulin it produces. Type IIs can become insulin dependent also.
Gestational Diabeties is where a pregnant woman does not produce enough insulin due to hormones produced during pregnancy. It is normally diagnosed during screening for glucose levels and blood sample. There are in general risk to the babies being born because of it.
Treatment for this condition are normally diet modification and some moderate exercises for most patients. If this does not work then medicine and insulin may be prescribed. Unfortunately their offsprings are more prone to develop childhood obesity and later in life type II diabeties.
Always Remember Diabeties Types
There are other forms of diabeties as example of adults onset of type I but these three listed above are the most common. It is always advisable if you are having any of the symptoms mentioned above to ask your Doctor to order a hemoglobin A1c test when you have blood work done. I always advise people to check with their doctor if they have any symptoms of diabeties.