What Is Hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia symptoms are very important for diabetics to understand and know. What is hyperglycemia? We need to understand what it is before we can discuss hyperglycemia symptoms. It is in its most basic definition it is high blood sugar. What this means is that the blood contains excess amounts of sugar (glucose).
The two types of hyperglycemia that occur are:
Postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia which may be defined as usually blood sugar levels above 180 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter). This level is normally measured two hours after eating.
Fasting hyperglycemia is normally any reading above 140 mg/dL after fasting for eight hours.
Hyperglycemia Symptoms and Complications
Knowing hyperglycemia symptoms is important because if they persist over long periods of time they can lead to diabetic complications. These complications can include damage to nerves and blood vessels along with other organs of the body. As in the examples of d damage to blood vessels could cause a decrease in blood flow in the feet and damage to nerves can result in the lack of feeling there also. A diabetic steps on some things that cause a wound on their foot. Tack of sensation can cause the diabetic not to realize that they have hurt themselves and the lack of blood flow will decrease the amount of blood reaching the wound. Without the flow of blood bringing white blood cells to fight infection it is very likely that the wound will develop to a very dangerous state.
Knowing hyperglycemia symptoms may have reduced or prevented this complication by receiving appropriate treatment. Many diabetic have a foot amputated because of poor circulatory circulation in the extremities especially the feet. That why it is important to understand hyperglycemic symptoms. Many complications such as the one mentioned above can be eliminated or reduced by knowing hyperglycemic symptoms and acting to eliminate them.
Checking For Hyperglycemia Symptoms
The HbA1c blood test is one way to monitor if your blood sugar is higher than recommended standards. Yes, checking your blood sugar level as prescribed by your doctor on a daily basis is a needed tool. The reading you get from your blood glucose meter is a picture of what your blood sugar level is at that moment. The HbA1c blood test gives you the average blood sugar level over a three-month period. The benefit of this is that it more accurately portrays where your blood sugar is at. The daily testing can be very misleading because it is only an instant in time and can read stream high or low for that particular moment when the overall level is in a normal range.
You can think of it like a baseball game. A player is up to bat 4 times during a game and strikes out each time, daily blood glucose meter readings. Looking at that game you would think that the player is not a good batter. The player batting average is .340, HbA1c blood test. It is obvious that the player is a good batter and just had an off game when he struck out 4 times in one game.
Hyperglycemia symptoms are many which should cause concern:
Increased thirst Frequent urination
Difficulty concentrating Blurred vision
These are some of the same symptoms that are listed for all types of Diabetes that I have studied. This does not mean that all the hyperglycemia symptoms must be there, but most of the time several symptoms are present. This implies that people are normally hyperglycemic when they are diagnosed with diabetes.
Hyperglycemia Symptoms Causes
What causes hyperglycemia symptoms? Some answers are easy to figure out. Forgetting to take oral medicine or insulin is obvious. Also, eating too much food having too many calories or too many grams of carbohydrate is another obvious choice. Some that may not be as obvious are increased stress, infection, decrease activity, illness or strenuous physical exercise.
One that many people don’t realize is snacking. Some people eat a healthy meal that is low in carbohydrates and decide to snack a couple to three hours after eating. They figure that they took their normal insulin dose with a meal that had very few carbohydrates and that their insulin will still be effective. When someone injects fast acting insulin it decreases in the body by 25% per hour. So 2 to 3 hours later you will have only 25% to 50% of the insulin left. If you do this you should be checking for hyperglycemia symptoms because they just might be appearing.
Hyperglycemia Symptoms Prevention
How can you reduce or prevent hypoglycemia symptoms. One of the easiest ways is to learn about your diet and your carbohydrate intake. Working with your doctor on insulin dose they can give you a range of carbohydrate intake to the amount of units of insulin needed. Test for your blood sugar level on a regular basis. You should know when to seek medical help if you are having abnormal blood sugar readings. When to call for medical help should be arranged during one of your first appointments after being diagnosed with diabetes.
Pre-diabetes has many of the hyperglycemia symptoms listed above and by seeking medical help; many times it can lead to lifestyle changes that prevent full blown diabetes. This is always preferred, lifestyle changes, over oral medication or insulin injection. Always and I do mean always seek medical advice when you find you have any of the hyperglycemia symptoms.